The dramatic behaviors we exhibit in response to trauma consist of gestures “we cannot verbalize, we tend to enact with others, to evoke in others….”[1] Trauma carves itself onto the body, weaving paths into our flesh and mapping itself onto our actions. Trauma is learned and can be, to some extent, unlearned.

[1] David J. Wallin, Attachment in Psychotherapy, 1 edition (New York: The Guilford Press, 2007).

“Popular songs tell our stories, and, by selection, we have a hand in the writing: the presentation of the self as karaoke life.”[2]

[2] Stephen Royce Giddens, “Singing Otherwise: Karaoke, Representation, and Practice,” Studies in Popular Culture 28, no. 3 (2006): 93–109.