The dramatic behaviors we exhibit in response to trauma consist of gestures “we cannot verbalize, we tend to enact with others, to evoke in others….” Trauma carves itself onto the body, weaving paths into our flesh and mapping itself onto our actions. Trauma is learned and can be, to some extent, unlearned.
 David J. Wallin, Attachment in Psychotherapy, 1 edition (New York: The Guilford Press, 2007).
“Popular songs tell our stories, and, by selection, we have a hand in the writing: the presentation of the self as karaoke life.”
 Stephen Royce Giddens, “Singing Otherwise: Karaoke, Representation, and Practice,” Studies in Popular Culture 28, no. 3 (2006): 93–109.